2:1 – The third day, there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee. “The wedding banquet was an Old Testament symbol of the Messiah’s arrival (read Matthew 22:1-14)” (Baker Commentary on the Bible). Marriage feasts lasted seven days. On each day, new guests arrived at the marriage feast. A lot of wine was consumed during the feast. When Jesus walked on the face of this earth, wine diluted with water was safer to drink than water by itself.
2:3 … They have no wine. The spiritual application is “the bankruptcy of Judaism” …Old institutions must pass away” (Baker Commentary on the Bible). “The deeper truth is that symbolically, Judaism is revealed as deficient (in its stress on ceremonial washings to the neglect of spiritual matters, and in its depletion indicated by the empty jars, where Christ brings fullness of the blessing of the highest sort (read John 7:37-38). -Wycliff Bible Commentary-
2:4-5 – Woman, what does that have to do with you and me? At first,what Jesus said to his mother seemed to be a little bit harsh (read John 19:26). The more accurate translation of Jesus’s words is: “Dear woman, why do you involve me” (The Bible Commentary)? Jesus said, My hour has not come. It was not the right time for Jesus’ death (read John 7:30).
2:6-8 – Now there were six waterpots of stone. According to Josephus (a Jewish historian who lived from 37 A.D to 98 A.D.), each stone jar contained about 8 3/4th gallons. “Ritual purification was usually observed by Jews before and after meals.” (The Bible Commentary). Read Mark 7:3.
2:9-10 – The ruler of the feast tasted the water now become wine. “The good wine the Lord made perfectly pure and highly nutritive” (Adam Clarke).The new wine is abundantly superior to the old.
2:11 – This beginning of His signs Jesus did in Cana of Galilee. “The word ‘sign’ refers to significant displays of power that pointed… to the deeper divine realities that could be perceived (observed) by the eyes of faith” (John MacArthur). “Signs, the miracles of Jesus in John are so-called to draw attention away from the miracles and point to their significance”
(F. F. Bruce).
-All Scripture passages are taken from the World English Bible-